MDG 6 | Combat HIV and Malaria

Target 1:
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS

  • The spread of HIV appears to have stabilized in most regions, and more people are surviving longer
  • Many young people still lack the knowledge to protect themselves against HIV
  • Empowering women through AIDS education is indeed possible, as a number of countries have shown
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, knowledge of HIV increases with wealth and among those living in urban areas
  • Disparities are found in condom use by women and men and among those from the richest and poorest households
  • Condom use during high-risk sex is gaining acceptance in some countries and is one facet of effective HIV prevention
  • Mounting evidence shows a link between gender-based violence and HIV
  • Children orphaned by AIDS suffer more than the loss of parents

Target 2:
Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it

  • The rate of new HIV infections continues to outstrip the expansion of treatment
  • Expanded treatment for HIV-positive women also safeguards their newborns

Target 3:
Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases

  • Production of insecticide-treated mosquito nets soars
  • Across Africa, expanded use of insecticide-treated bed nets is protecting communities from malaria
  • Poverty continues to limit use of mosquito nets
  • Global procurement of more effective antimalarial drugs continues to rise rapidly
  • Children from the poorest households are least likely to receive treatment for malaria
  • External funding is helping to reduce malaria incidence and deaths, but additional support is needed
  • Progress on tuberculosis inches forward
  • Tuberculosis prevalence is falling in most regions
  • Tuberculosis remains the second leading killer after HIV

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